The primary mission is to protect and promote the health of all residents and visitors in Duval County. The Epidemiology program is responsible for the surveillance and investigation of many of the reportable diseases, other than TB, STD, and HIV/AIDS. This includes enteric diseases, vaccine-preventable diseases, invasive bacterial diseases, viral hepatitis, arthropod-borne diseases, bioterrorist agents, outbreaks of disease, and many more.
- Investigate, intervene, monitor, and coordinate reporting of communicable diseases that occur in Duval County.
- Identify the source of an agent, identify the mode and time of transmission, identify other persons who may have been exposed, and institute prompt action to prevent the spread of disease.
- Provide education and consultation on infectious diseases to professional providers and community groups.
- Prepare, through education and training, to respond to potential threats from the use of biological weapons.
- Assist with studies to assess health risks associated with existing and new emerging infectious agents.
- Review syndromic surveillance data as an active method of determining activities in the community that could be early indicators of outbreaks and incidents of bioterrorism.
- Manage the Perinatal Hepatitis B Prevention Program to identify and protect family members and contacts of prenatal and postpartum women who are positive for hepatitis B surface antigen, a marker of viral hepatitis B infectivity.
- Provide hepatitis testing and vaccination to individuals at risk for getting hepatitis.
- Submit surveillance information to the State Health Office and then to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for inclusion in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
- Publish a monthly comprehensive surveillance report, which is sent via e-mail to health care providers throughout the community.
Like investigators at the scene of a crime, disease detectives begin by looking for clues. They systematically gather information about what happened. Using statistical analysis, investigators study the answers to these questions to find out how a particular health problem was introduced into a community. Disease detectives then use what they've learned to prevent further illness.
Reporting a Disease
What illnesses are reportable in Duval County?
Reportable Disease List
Reportable Disease Form
Healthcare Practitioner Reporting Guidelines of Notifiable Diseases or Conditions in Florida
Related Link: Florida Department of Health- Disease Reporting
If you have questions or need to report a disease, call the Epidemiology staff at (904) 253 - 1850.
To report a public health emergency call (904) 253-1000.
Epidemiology Comprehensive Surveillance Reports
Epidemiology Comprehensive Surveillance Reports. View combined data from various public health monitoring systems within Duval County and Florida. Prepared monthly, the reports contain a summary of recent trends, an overview of a highlighted investigation, a table of recently reported diseases for the county and state, as well information regarding a variety of notifiable diseases and conditions .View Reports
Stomach or Bowel Problems
Bacteria, parasites, and viruses that can cause nausea, vomiting and/or diarrhea. Consult your physician if you have those symptoms. Consider giving a stool specimen to test for bacteria, parasites and viruses.
Sore Throats, Coughs, Colds and Breathing Problems
Some causes of respiratory illnesses
MRSA(Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus)
Common skin infections
Staphylococcus aureus “Staph” including MRSA (Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus)
Information for People Recently Diagnosed with an Infectious Disease
The single best way to prevent disease is handwashing.
- CDC Healthy Living
- CDC - Why Is Handwashing Important?
- Stopping the Spread of Germs at Home, Work & School
Resources for Child Care Centers
- Guidelines for control of outbreaks of enteric disease in Child Care settings
- DCF Requirements for Communicable Disease (page 28)
To make a food complaint, call the Epidemiology Department at (904) 253 – 1850 or you can make an online complaint by following the guidance provided by the Florida Department of Health Food and Waterborne Disease Program
To get information on food recalls, check out (or go to) FDA Recalls, Market Withdrawals and Safety Alerts.
To report a dead bird call Epidemiology at (904) 253 - 1850 or
report dead birds online here.
Report Animal Bite
To report an animal bite call Environmental Health at (904) 253 - 1280 or
click here for information about rabies.
Travel Clinic Information
If you are planning to travel outside the country call the Travel Clinic at (904) 253 - 1040 (option 4). For information online, visit the CDC Traveler Information page.
West Nile Virus
For questions regarding the West Nile Virus call (904) 253 - 1850 or visit the CDC West Nile page.